Stem cells have huge potential in health and medical research but to completely harness this potential, scientists are investigating how stem cells change into the broad variety of specialised cells that make people what they are today. Because illnesses like cancer and conditions such as birth defects are thought to occur due to problems in the differentiation process, an appreciation of the development that takes place in normal cells will enable scientists to treat the developmental issues that can occur.
Some of the medical areas which stem cells can benefit are:
- Type I diabetes
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Burn victims